Nha Trang is a coastal city and the political, economic, cultural, scientific and technical, and tourism center of Khánh Hòa Province, Việt Nam.
Before becoming a part of Việt Nam, Nha Trang belonged to Chiêm Thành (Champa). Chăm (Chàm/ Chams) relics remain in many places in Nha Trang.
Nha Trang is known as the pearl of the South China Sea, the Green Pearl because of its natural value, beauty as well as climate.
Nha Trang city is located in the center of Khánh Hòa province. Ninh Hòa district is the north border, the south is Cam Ranh city, the west borders is Diên Khánh district, the east is adjacent to the sea (Biển Đông).
Nha Trang has a total natural land area of 252.6 km², with 27 basic administrative units: 19 wards and 08 communes with a population of 422,601 people (2019 figures).
Nha Trang has many geographical advantages, convenient in terms of road, rail, domestic and international air, sea. As the gateway to the South Central and Central Highlands, Nha Trang has many conditions to expand exchanges and development.
Nha Trang is 1,280km from Hà Nội, 448km from Hồ Chí Minh City, 630km from Huế, 105km from Phan Rang, 260km from Phan Thiết, 620km from Cần Thơ.
There are many good universities, academies, research institutes, colleges, vocational schools, technical training centers. Therefore, Nha Trang city has become a quality human resource training center of Khánh Hòa province and of the South Central region.
Nha Trang terrain is quite complex with an altitude stretching from 0 to 900m mean sea level, divided into 3 terrain areas.
- The coastal plain and along the Cái River covers an area of about 81.3 km², accounting for 32.33% of the whole city;
- Transitional areas and low hills with slopes of 30 to 150m height are mainly located in the west and southeast or on small islands accounting for 36.24% of the area;
- Mountainous areas with steep terrain of over 150m height distributed at both ends north – south of the city, on Hòn Tre island and some rocky islands accounting for 31.43% of the whole city.
Nha Trang has a tropical savanna climate influenced by the ocean climate. Nha Trang’s climate is relatively mild, with an average annual temperature of 26.3 degrees Celsius. There are less cold winters and prolonged dry seasons. The winter-skewed rainy season begins in September and ends in December of the Gregorian calendar, with rainfall accounting for nearly 80% of the year’s rainfall (1,025mm). About 10 to 20 percent of the five rainy seasons start in July and August and end early in November.
Compared to the South Central Coast provinces, Nha Trang is a region with favorable weather conditions to exploit tourism almost all year round. The main characteristics of Nha Trang climate are mild temperature year-round (25°C – 26°C), a total of temperature per year (> 9,500°C), fairly pronounced seasoning (rainy season and dry season), and less affected by storms.